Ethiopia is the oldest independent state in Africa. In Ethiopia there are over 80 ethnic groups with their own languages and cultures. The Ethiopian economy is growing fast, but still one quarter of the population is living on less than one dollar a day. About 70% of the population is employed in agriculture. Weather conditions in the country have changed due to climate change causing challenges to agricultural production. There are many persons with disability and many marginalized minorities in Ethiopia. Cooperation between Felm and the Ethiopian Evangelical Church Mekane Yesus began in 1968 and continues to this day. Another local partner is SIL Ethiopia.
Key words: sanitation, public health, reproductive health, sexual health
The Ethiopian Evangelical Church Mekane Yesus – Development and Social Services Commission (EECMY-DASSC) is a church development agency, working as a national non-governmental and not- for-profit organization engaged in social and development interventions. EECMY-DASSC program themes are as follows: Livelihood Development, Health, and Education and Child development. Gender, Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR), and Climate Change Adaptation and Environment are considered as cross cutting themes.
The Community Health Need Assessment conducted in Amaro and Wonago Woredas has indicated that the foremost problems of the people in Amaro and Wonago are lack of access to sanitation facilities and poor health service quality in the health facilities.
The main objectives of the project are as follows:
- Improved sanitation facilities by the communities.
- Improved quality of services provided in public health facilities.
- Improved access for young people in Amaro and Wonago to information and services on reproductive and sexual health.
Key words: mother tongue education, multilingual education, primary education, minority languages
Implementing partner: SIL Ethiopia
SIL Ethiopia is a branch of SIL International, which is a faith-based nonprofit organization committed to serving language communities worldwide as they build capacity for sustainable language development. SIL does this primarily through research, translation, training, and materials development. SIL works alongside ethnolinguistic communities and their partners as they discover how language development addresses the challenging areas of their daily lives—social, cultural, political, economic, and spiritual.
The project addresses the lack of educational opportunities of the minority language speakers (bench, me’en, diizi, suri, shekko, baale) in Bench-Maji Zone. The project aims at strengthened mother-tongue-based multilingual education in primary schools by developing school materials, strengthening the capacity of teachers, teacher trainers, dictionary writers, and school inspectors, as well as further developing local languages.
Key words: disability, empowerment of PwDs, income generation, inclusion
The major challenges for the realization of human rights of persons with disability (PwDs) are lack of access to basic needs as well as inaccessibility of social services. The main objectives of the project are as follows:
- Increased community awareness and positive attitudes towards disabled people to improve their active participation and inclusion in the community.
- Increased empowerment of PwDs through economic strengthening schemes and increased access to education.
- Capacity of authorities and civil society, including the Church, is enhanced to respond to prejudice and to mainstream equal rights of disabled people in their work.
Key words: women, girls, empowerment of women, education, income generation
Project description: In Habru and Legehida areas especially women suffer from extreme poverty, negative cultural practices, and abuse because of their position in, and the condition of society. The project aims to empower women and girls in Habru and Legehida through:
- Increased agricultural productivity and production
- Improved income capacity and well-being of women
- Improved access to safe drinking water
- Increased access to education for girls
- Increased access to functional adult literacy for women
Key words: marginalized groups, income generation, education, water, agriculture, income generation
Manjo, Manno, and Chab people are discriminated against and despised, and living in the margins of society. They have been marginalized by the majority groups. The activities of the project components focus on bringing these marginalized people together with people of the majority in everyday life through:
- Development of social relations without social discrimination between the majority and marginalized groups.
- Development of good learning environment and increase in school enrolment.
- Improved health of the communities through health services and potable water supply.
- Increased household income through income generation opportunities and improved household livelihood through use of new agricultural technologies and crops with improved resistance to the impact of climate change.
Key words: disability, deaf persons, special needs education, inclusion, income generation, empowerment of PwDs
In Ethiopia, children with disabilities have been neglected and encounter a wide range of barriers to learning. The main objectives of the project are as follows:
- Improved methods of teaching deaf children.
- Improved possibilities by deaf children to have access to all levels of education.
- Increased awareness of the rights of deaf people and their special needs by officials and decision-making bodies.
- Deaf people have access to social and counseling services, to enable them to live equally and independently within the community.