Mauritania has a population of approximately 4.9 million. It has succeeded in reducing poverty significantly, but still about a quarter of the population lives under the poverty line. Mauritania is one of the Least Developed Countries (LCD). The major part of the country is in the Sahara Desert. Half of the population is dependent on agriculture or fishing. Children and especially girls face many challenges to participate into education. Climate change has caused increasing drought in Mauritania and food security, which was already challenging, is now threatened. Felm is the only Finnish NGO who works on development issues with the civil society of Mauritania.