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Tanzania

Tanzania

Tanzania is an East African state with a population of over 53 million and more than 120 ethnic groups. Measured by the Human Development Index, Tanzania is one of the world’s fastest developing countries. Still, it is among the least developed countries in the world and many Tanzanians live below the poverty line. About 75% of the population earn their living from subsistence agriculture and forestry. Some of the main challenges are rapid population growth and insecure land tenure. The most vulnerable groups include people living with disabilities, girls, women and pastoralists. The main partners of Felm are the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Tanzania and Tanganyika Christian Refugee Service.

Keywords: Community Empowerment, Capacity Building, Awareness Raising, Training, Human Rights, Literacy Class, Saving and Credit, VICOBA, Income Generating Activities, Environmental Sustainability, Women, Girls, Children and Youth at Risk of Marginalization, Persons with Disabilities, People with HIV/AIDS, Local Leaders

Implementing partner: Tanganyika Christian Refugee Service (TCRS)

Project description:

Kilwa district is one of the most disadvantaged and underdeveloped areas in Tanzania. Over 90% of the population rely on subsistence agriculture and fishing as a source of income, and per capita income is far from the national average.

To alleviate the situation, TCRS is implementing a Community Empowerment Project in 10 villages with the aim of reducing human suffering and poverty. The focus is on vulnerable and marginalized groups of women and girls, children and youth, people with HIV/AIDS and persons with disabilities. These groups suffer from gender, economic, social and political differences and discrimination.

TCRS uses an empowerment approach for development where empowerment refers to a TCRS-facilitated process of awareness building, capacity building and training for marginalized people and their local leaders so that they are themselves able to take actions that lead to improvements in their lives. Through the approach, local people are in charge, defining and directing their own development for longer-term sustainability.

The project activities include trainings on good governance, human rights, preparation of village development plans, tracking of the use of public funds, environment, water and sanitation. The project also provides literacy classes, access to saving and credit schemes, income generating activities, agriculture, horticulture and animal husbandry activities, and entrepreneurship skills to the most marginalised groups.

The expected outcomes of the project are as follows:

  1. Women and girls facing gender discrimination identify and grasp new opportunities.
  2. Persons with disabilities become self-reliant and live in a more accessible environment as part of society.
  3. Children and youth at risk of marginalization learn life skills needed for a responsible adulthood.
  4. Increased knowhow of leaders at local level of their roles and responsibilities.
  5. Improved environmental sustainability and Disaster Risk Reduction among targeted population.
  6. Improved staff capability.

Keywords: Climate Change, Desertification, Food Security, Community Empowerment, Capacity Building, Awareness Raising, Training, Human Rights, Literacy Class, Saving and Credit, VICOBA, Income Generating Activities, Environmental Sustainability, Disaster Risk Reduction, Women, Girls, Children and Youth at Risk of Marginalization, Persons with Disabilities, People with HIV/AIDS, Local Leaders

Implementing partner: Tanganyika Christian Refugee Service (TCRS)

Project description:

Kishapu District in Shinyanga Region is among the disadvantaged and underdeveloped areas in Tanzania. The area has become a semi-arid region because of climate change and human actions such as overgrazing, cutting trees and traditional slash-and-burn agriculture. This has led to unreliable rainfall, low crop production, environmental degradation and malnutrition. Women and girls spend their days fetching water and firewood.

The Climate Change Adaptation project of TCRS is implemented in 14 villages that are facing socio-economic and climate change related challenges. TCRS supports these communities in adapting to the changing living environment and in preventing desertification with reforestation activities.

TCRS uses an empowerment approach for development where empowerment refers to a TCRS-facilitated process of awareness building, capacity building and training for marginalized people and their local leaders so that they themselves are able to take actions that lead to improvements in their lives. Through the approach, local people are in charge, defining and directing their own development for longer-term sustainability.

The project activities include trainings on good governance, human rights, preparation of village development plans, tracking of the use of public funds, environment, water and sanitation. The project also provides literacy classes, access to saving and credit schemes, income generating activities, agriculture, horticulture and animal husbandry activities, and entrepreneurship skills to the most marginalised groups. The focus groups are children and youth at risk of marginalization, persons with disabilities, women, girls, and local leaders. The expected outcomes are as follows:

  1. Women and girls facing gender discrimination identify and grasp new opportunities.
  2. People with disabilities have access to social services and attain a sustainable livelihood.
  3. Trained youths at risk of marginalization are using their knowledge to manage entrepreneurship for self-employment and attain sustainable livelihoods.
  4. Increased knowhow of leaders (duty bearers) at local level of their roles and responsibilities.
  5. Improved environmental sustainability and disaster risk reduction among targeted population.
  6. Enhanced understanding and rectification of obstacles that inhibit realization of project goals.

Keywords: Community Empowerment, Capacity Building, Awareness Raising, Training, Human Rights, Literacy Class, Saving and Credit, VICOBA, Income Generating Activities, Environmental Sustainability, Disaster Risk Reduction, Conflict Resolution, Women, Girls, Children and Youth at Risk of Marginalization, Persons with Disabilities, People with HIV/AIDS, Local Leaders, Street Vendors

Implementing partner: Tanganyika Christian Refugee Service (TCRS)

Project description:

The areas near Selous Game Reserve in Morogoro district are among the most disadvantaged and underdeveloped areas in Tanzania. TCRS is implementing a Community Empowerment Project in 10 villages with the aim of reducing human suffering and poverty. The focus is on vulnerable and marginalized groups of women and girls, children and youth, people with HIV/AIDS and persons with disabilities. These groups suffer from gender, economic, social and political inequality and discrimination.

TCRS is using an empowerment approach for development where empowerment refers to a TCRS-facilitated process of awareness building, capacity building and training for marginalized people and their local leaders so that they are themselves able to take actions that lead to improvements in their lives. Through the approach, local people are in charge, defining and directing their own development for longer-term sustainability.

The emphasis of project activities is in trainings which aim at improving practical skills and knowledge as well as understanding and realization of human rights. The project provides training on good governance, human rights, preparation of village development plans, tracing the use of public funds, environment, water and sanitation. The project also provides literacy classes, access to saving and credit schemes, income generating activities and agricultural activities. In addition, the project reaches out to street vending youth in urban area of Morogoro municipality.

The expected outcomes of the project are as follows:

  1. Women and girls retain their dignity and have equal social, legal and economic opportunities.
  2. People with disabilities (PWDs) are accessing social services and treated equally.
  3. Youth at risk of marginalization acquire life and vocational skills for better future livelihoods.
  4. Increased knowhow of leaders (duty bearers) at local level of their roles and responsibilities.
  5. Improved environmental sustainability and disaster risk reduction among targeted population.
  6. Farmers and livestock keepers respect each other’s legal rights.
  7. Enhanced understanding and rectification of obstacles that inhibit the realization of project goals.

Keywords: Teacher Education, In-service Training, Learning Difficulties, Learning Disabilities, Dyslexia, Dyscalculia, Secondary School, Students, Right to Education, Learner-Centered Approach, Counselling, Environmental Education

Implementing partner: The Evangelical Lutheran Church of Tanzania / Tumaini University Makumira (TUMA)

Project description:

Community secondary schools in Meru District function with scarce resources in a challenging environment. The results of the students in national Form 4 examinations are low, classes are large, and teaching and learning facilities are limited. These schools do not have enough qualified teachers in mathematics and science subjects, and they face problems in using English as the medium of instruction. Implementing a learner-centered participation teaching approach is a challenge, as well as identifying and addressing learning difficulties.

To improve the situation, it is vital to provide adequate in-service training for the teachers in the field. The PITA project of Tumaini University works with 24 secondary schools, improving the quality of teaching and teacher training. The method is to arrange training seminars and practical workshops to university staff and secondary school teachers, and to put the acquired knowledge into practice in supported class room sessions. Learning difficulties and learning disabilities will also be addressed, and cooperation between students and parents strengthened.

The vulnerable group identified and addressed by the PITA project are the students of Meru District community secondary schools – both girls and boys. The expected impact is that children and youth at risk of marginalisation learn life skills needed for a responsible adulthood.

The expected outcomes are as follows:

  1. Learned skills have enabled secondary school students to become active and confident participators in their communities.
  2. Students have received more professional guidance and counselling to improve their learning process.
  3. Right to education for children and youth with dyslexia and dyscalculia has been materialised.
  4. Environmental education has enabled and motivated students to be actively involved in creating a sustainable environment.
  5. Capacity of TUMA teacher education programmes is strengthened.

Keywords: Rights of Persons with Disabilities, Disability, Outreach, Community Based Rehabilitation, Special Needs Education, Awareness Raising, Advocacy, Livelihood, Children, Youth, Leaders

Implementing partners: The Evangelical Lutheran Church of Tanzania / North Eastern Diocese (ELCT-NED) and Sebastian Kolowa Memorial University (SEKOMU)

Project description:

The legislation of Tanzania considers the rights of persons with disabilities but these rights are not fully realized at the grassroots level. People with disabilities still lack education, proper health care, access to information and physical environment, limited employment opportunities, poor rehabilitation services, and resilience to shocks such as climate change and diseases.

NED-ELCT has intervened in the situation in Lushoto and Mkinga Districts where the number of children and youth with disabilities is particularly high. The project combines the core competences of two units under NED-ELCT; the Irente Rainbow School and its competence in outreach community based rehabilitation, and SEKOMU university and its knowhow in special needs education and advocacy. Through this cooperation the project will improve the livelihood of persons with disabilities because the project will not only increase the awareness of parents, caregivers, and local communities but also of accountable government officials, teachers, and local leaders.

The project activities include awareness creation and capacity building on disability, entrepreneurship training to youth with disabilities and their families, as well as rehabilitation services and referrals to identified youth and children. Teachers in normal schools, education administrators, local government leaders, religious leaders, and civil society leaders will be trained in enhancing the rights of persons with disabilities. The project will also support research on disability to identify root causes of disabilities and strengthen the research aspect of the project.

The expected outcomes of the project are as follows:

  1. Children and youth with disabilities are accepted as full members of their society.
  2. Right of education for children with disabilities materializes.
  3. Children and youth with disabilities have opportunities for self-reliance and sustainable livelihood.
  4. Project effectiveness is improved.

Keywords:  climate change, climate fund, reforestation, community-based reforestation, forest, carbon sequestration

Implementing partner: Tanganyika Christian Refugee Service (TCRS)

Project description: This reforestation project is funded from Felms Climate Fund. Felm has committed to reduce 25% of its carbon emissions caused by work related flights by 2022. The rest of the emissions will be compensated though reforestation projects. To achieve the goal, Felm established the Climate Fund in 2017.

The Kishapun Reforestation project is implemented in Tanzania, in the area of ​​Kishapu. The area has long suffered of serious problems of drought and changing weather conditions. The project area used to be covered by forests, but it has been totally cut down over the past decades.  In the project, the members of the villages grow tree seedlings from seeds, plant them, manage the forest and commit to protect the forests. Planted tree species are original to the area.

The success of the reforestation activities requires a holistic change in attitudes and learning new and sustainable forestry practices. The project activities include promoting the use of alternative energy sources or energy-saving furnaces for cooking and drinking water disinfection. The project also includes training in forest management and sensitization of communities in the importance of forests to the local ecosystem and the climate. The target group consists of ca. 2 500 local stakeholders.

Photos from Tanzania